Electrification is an important goal to reduce economic inequality between regions and countries. Like other archipelagic countries, Indonesia has a challenging target to meet considering the country's geographical situation and limited government budget to connect all 82,000 villages on a grid. The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources mentioned in 2019, that about 2,500 villages were without or minimal access to electricity and mainly are in the eastern provinces of Indonesia. Furthermore, Indonesia has also set targets for having a 23% renewable energy portion in the primary energy mix by 2025, as stated in the National Energy Policy (Government Regulation No. 79/2014). Increasing the contribution of renewable energy is in line with the Paris Commitment of Indonesia. The energy sector is expected to reduce 314 million tons of CO2 from the country's greenhouse gas business as usual emission by 2030.
The ACCESS project in Indonesia will address these concerns by building communal solar-PV power plants in unfunded locations by the government. This project will provide access to electricity by using renewable resources and complement the rural electrification and renewable energy program of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR). The solar-PV power plants will be equipped with a remote monitoring system to allow distant and timely monitoring of the solar-PV power plant system, including information to be used for verification of reduced greenhouse gases emission.
The sustainability of the ACCESS project is the priority for the solar-PV power plant implementation. Thus, the operator and facilitator for each power plant will be trained locally to ensure power plant sustainability and, in parallel, enhance local education regarding energy generation and solar-PV maintenance. To further ensure sustainability, the project will establish the local institution in each village to generate stable financials for the power plant to run smoothly.
The ACCESS project will also facilitate the exchange of technical standards, skills, and experience from Indonesia to Timor-Leste as part of South-South Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) to provide electricity and clean water, particularly for water source identification, engineering, procurement, and installing solar PV water pumps and energy-saving solar lights in targeted villages in Timor-Leste as rural electrification and clean water access remain as challenges and development priorities for the country.